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Although this applies to most of the board, the left-hand side near the 14 section is preferred by beginners, for its concentration of larger numbers.
Mathematically, removing the rotational symmetry by placing the "20" at the top, there are 19! Many different layouts would penalise a player more than the current setup; however, the current setup actually does the job rather efficiently.
There have been several mathematical papers published that consider the "optimal" dartboard. Initially the missiles were simply cut down arrows or crossbow bolts.
These darts were mainly imported from France and became known as French darts. This type of dart continued to be used into the s. Modern darts have four parts: Others are designed to retract slightly on impact to lessen the chance of bouncing out.
The barrels come in a variety of weights and are usually constructed from brass, silver-nickel, or a tungsten alloy. Tungsten on the other hand, is twice as dense as brass thus a barrel of an equivalent weight could be thirty percent smaller in diameter.
The remainder is usually nickel, iron, or copper. Barrels come in 3 basic shapes: Their slenderness makes them better for grouping, but because they are long, the centre of gravity is further back.
Ton shaped barrels are thin at either end but bulge in the middle. This makes them fatter than a cylindrical barrel of equivalent weight but the centre of gravity is further forward and so theoretically easier to throw.
Torpedo shaped barrels are widest at the point end and taper towards the rear. This keeps the weight as far forward as possible but like the ton, gives it a larger diameter than the cylinder.
The shafts are manufactured in various lengths and some are designed to be cut to length. Shafts are generally made from plastics, nylon polymers, or metals such as aluminium and titanium; and can be rigid or flexible.
A longer shaft will however make the dart less responsive and increase the chance of "wobbling". The primary purpose of the flight is to produce drag and thus prevent the rear of the dart overtaking the point.
Modern flights are generally made from plastic, nylon, or foil and are available in a range of shapes and sizes.
The three most common shapes in order of size are the standard, the kite, and the smaller pear shape. The less surface area, the less stability but larger flights hamper close grouping.
Generally speaking, a heavier dart will require a larger flight. For competitive purposes, a dart cannot weigh more than 50g including the shaft and flight and cannot exceed a total length of mm.
This is considered eye-level for a six-foot man. The standard dartboard is divided into 20 numbered sections, scoring from 1 to 20 points, by wires running from the small central circle to the outer circular wire.
Circular wires within the outer wire subdivide each section into single, double and triple areas. The dartboard featured on the "Indoor League" television show of the s did not feature a triple section, and according to host Fred Trueman during the first episode, this is the traditional Yorkshire board.
Various games can be played and still are played informally using the standard dartboard. However, in the official game, any dart landing inside the outer wire scores as follows:.
The highest score possible with three darts is , commonly known as a "ton 80" points is called a ton , obtained when all three darts land in the triple In the televised game, the referee frequently announces a score of in exuberant style.
A "quad" ring appeared briefly between the triple ring and the bull in the s, leading to a potential maximum three quads , a maximum checkout QQBull and seven dart finishes from a start five quads, triple, bullseye , but was swiftly dropped from professional tournament play after only two years.
List of darts players. There are many games that can be played on a dartboard, but the term "darts" generally refers to a game in which one player at a time throws three darts per turn.
A game of darts is generally contested between two players, who take turns. The most common objective is to reduce a fixed score, commonly or , to zero "checking out".
The final dart must land in either the bullseye or a double segment in order to win. It is not necessary that all three darts are thrown on the final turn, the game can be finished on any of the three darts.
When two teams play, the starting score is sometimes increased to or even ; the rules remain the same. In some variants called a "northern bust" in London only the dart that causes the bust is not counted.
That is felt by some to be a purer version of the game, as under the normal rules, as explained above, a player left with a difficult finish, e.
For example, a player with 20 at the start of their go could miss the double 10 and get a single, miss the double 5 and get a single, leaving them 5 and only one dart remaining.
Their best option is to deliberately bust it to get back onto double Under the "northern bust" they would remain on 5.
A darts match is played over a fixed number of games, known as legs. A match may be divided into sets, with each set being contested as over a fixed number of legs.
Although playing straight down from is standard in darts, sometimes a double must be hit to begin scoring, known as "doubling in", with all darts thrown before hitting a double not being counted.
The minimum number of thrown darts required to complete a leg of is nine. The most common nine dart finish consists of two maximums followed by a checkout TTD12 , but there are many other possible ways of achieving the feat.
Three s TTBull is considered a pure or perfect nine-dart finish by some players. This game uses the standard 20 number dartboard with the triple and double rings.
The goal of 20 to 1 is to be the first player or team to throw all numbers in consecutive order from 20 to 1 and win the game with the outer or inner bullseye.
In a one on one battle, the winner is the person to reach the last number or bullseye. In a team competition, the winner is the first team to reach the last number or bullseye after the round is complete or each member of each team has thrown that specific round.
A variant of traditional darts played using a blindfold. Often played by people with visual disabilities. Typically a talking electronic dartboard is used to speak the numbers hit, keep score and announce who is throwing next.
Cricket is a widely played darts game involving a race to control and score on numbers between 20 and 15 and the bullseye, by hitting each of these targets for three marks to open or own it for scoring.
A hit on the target counts as one mark, while hits in the doubles ring of the target count as two marks in one throw, and on the triples ring as three.
The outer bullseye counts as 25 points, and the inner as Dartball is a darts game based on the sport of baseball. It is played on a diamond shaped board and has similar scoring to baseball.
Scoring is similar to golf. This is a regional variant still played in some parts of the East End of London. The board has fewer, larger segments, all numbered either 5, 10, 15 or Any number of players can take part and the game can vary in length depending on the number of targets selected.
No two players can have the same number. Once everyone has a number, each player takes it in turn to get their number five times with their three darts doubles count twice, and triples three times.
This means they can aim for other peoples numbers, taking a point off for each time they hit doubles x2, triples x3. If a person gets to zero they are out.
Players cannot get more than 5 points. Lawn darts also called Jarts or yard darts is a lawn game based on darts. The game play and objective are similar to both horseshoes and darts.
The darts are similar to the ancient Roman plumbata. Moving Target is a darts game for two or more players in which each round, one player serves as the "setter" to set the target, and each other player is a "scorer" and tries to score points.
The role of "setter" rotates from player to player each round. The first player to reach 21 points or any other predetermined number of points wins the game.
In each round, the setter throws two darts to set the target for the round. The target is equal to either the sum or the difference of the two darts thrown by the setter.
Doubles and triples do not count for these two darts. A bullseye thrown by the setter counts for Once a target has been set, the scorer has three darts to equal the target and score points.
Each dart is considered individually. Doubles and triples do count for this dart, so there may be multiple ways to hit the target. A bullseye thrown by the scorer counts for either 25 or 0.
A scorer can score between 0 and 9 points per round. If the scorer hits a target number with a single, the scorer gets 1 point.
If the scorer hits a target number with a double or a single bullseye, the scorer gets 2 points. If the scorer hits the target number with a triple, the scorer gets 3 points.
Shanghai is a darts game of accuracy. This game is played with at least two players. The standard version is played in 7 rounds.
Standard scoring is used, and doubles and triples are counted. Only hits on the wedge for that round are counted.
The winner is the person who has the most points at the end of seven rounds 1—7 ; or who scores a Shanghai, which wins win instantly, a Shanghai being throws that hit a triple, a double and single in any order of the number that is in play.
Shanghai can also be played for 20 rounds to use all numbers. A Fairer Start for Shanghai: To prevent players from becoming too practiced at shooting for the 1, the number sequence can begin at the number of the dart that lost the throw for the bullseye to determine the starting thrower.
For example; Thrower A shoots for the bullseye and hits the Thrower B shoots for the bullseye and hits it. Thrower B then begins the game, starting on the number 17, then 18, 19, 20, 1, 2, 3, etc.
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